That is was always the promise and that is where globalisation has faltered. It is the challenge leaders in Davos, G8, G20, the EU and progressives globally need to remedy. Have we gone too far to turn back? We are too interconnected not to find second coming and a solution to fix the problems of globalisation and its discontent’s.
As 2018 starts energy, analysts need to focus on the trends in China and India. The move to renewables has long been inevitable but oil and gas will remain important sources of the global energy mix. There needs to be a greater understanding of the importance of energy security for these growing economies.
In 2018 ESG reporting will be critical for global business. Without a license to operate narrative, companies will find it harder to attract and retain talented employees, will turn off millennial customers, will find themselves more likely to be regulated by governments, and will get less of a fair hearing in the press.
As the year closes, the industry will be happy to have navigated the last 12 months. However, there are more challenges ahead of both a structural and operational nature which need to be overcome. The market is still unpredictable, and it is hard to see how a return to a price above $80 is tangible in the short-run.
In what should be considered the worst news for the oil industry the International Energy Authority (IEA) has announced that there are approximately 230 million more barrels of oil in storage than were counted.
According to the IEA, excess storage in China is responsible for over 25 percent of a reassessment of non-OECD demand in 2016, slashing it by a heavy 420,000 barrels per day. Nearly 157 million barrels of oil were unaccounted for, which means they were placed in storage somewhere. The remaining increase came from various demand reassessments the IEA made for 2015.
The IEA and most other analysts were focused on the OECD numbers and not accounting for the rest of the global oil market. The consequence is that producers will need to cut harder and faster before the market rebalances.
The revelation explains the weak response of the price to the cuts and flips the rebalancing strategy on its head. The process needs to start all over again when measuring production against the stockpile level of early 2014.
Bloomberg has reported the miscalculation means there is "almost 25 percent" more inventory than was thought to be in place at the beginning of 2014. Another 1 million barrels per day in production cuts will have to be put in place to draw down that much in a six-month period.
With OPEC compliance faltering under the existing deal, and Russia showing little interest in cutting more production, it's dubious as to what will be done going forward, even if the terms of the deal are changed on paper and announced in the media.
Under normal market conditions, even with shale supply, there should have been a little more support for oil prices above $40 - 50 dollars. Demand has not been climbing because some countries are still drawing down excessive inventory which the market had not taken into account.
The news will leave investors and NOCs reassessing their positions as prices will remain lower for longer. Companies in the upstream will need to focus on their debt, margins and free cash flow. Businesses in the downstream may have an advantage.
Decisions made on faulty data will need to be recalculated on an entirely different scenario. Instead of drawing down inventory and hoping for price rises, the market has been doing nothing much more than treading water.
If players in oil production cut want to balance the market quicker, the only way is to cut output at a higher and faster pace. This is happening at a time when the resolve of the participants is weakening, and oil production from Libya, which is exempt from the deal, has been soaring.
With its revisions, the IEA has cut the demand for oil in the current quarter by 800,000 barrels per day. This comes on the back of an increase in OPEC production of 200,000 barrels per day in July.
The IEA has now projected oil inventory to climb in this quarter and thinks there will be a modest draw in the last quarter. Taking it all into account, the second half for stockpiles will remain unchanged. With OPEC alone, current production levels would add another 170 million barrels to global oil inventories, representing six times what the drawdown will be for all of 2017.
The only good news is that producers have reduced a lot of the costs out of the process and are prepared to endure a prolonged period of lower prices.